After the turn of the century, avant-garde artists continued the new tendencies of post-impressionism, but adapted these to their particular goals and ambitions. In particular, the fauvists took up the pure colors of the neo-impressionists, but gave up local colorfulness, which in their case could still be found. German expressionism, above all the artists of the "Blaue Reiter", were close to fauvistic painting. Figures and shapes were not understood as a depiction of reality; here, Picasso’s "Demoiselles d´Avignon" and its effects on figurative representation in cubism could be brought up; the situation was similar with the futuristic figures. Artists such as Boccioni or Carrà went so far as to try to introduce a glorification of war through the dissolution of the form, the dynamic of the new technological age. World War I played an important role for German artists such as Max Beckmann, Otto Dix and Georges Grosz as well; they however tried to process the horrors of war through their work. The subjects change – ugliness, illness and death found entry into their works. The surrealists on the other hand brought the components of the subconscious into painting; figurations were irrationally juxtaposed as in dreams, the shapes melted, the colors became cooler. Individual painters such as for example Modigliani or Chagall cannot be organized within figurative painting into any particular style; rather, they took up the new impulses and developed their own pictorial language. The many approaches within figurative painting have in common that they adapted what was depicted so to say against natural depiction of their perceptions and changed them in color and form – but nevertheless kept the outer world as a referent of their pictures.
Figurative painters of this time are among others: Max Beckmann, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Giorgio de Chirico, Marc Chagall, Salvador Dalí, André Derain, Kees van Dongen, Raoul Dufy, Otto Dix, Georges Grosz, August Macke, Henri Matisse, Girogio Morandi, Otto Mueller, Fernand Léger, Amedeo Modigliani, Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, Pablo Picasso, Yves Tanguy.
Related artists: Ackermann, Max | Adler, Jankel | Ahlers-Hestermann, Friedrich | Albers, Josef | Appel, Karel | Balwé, Arnold | Bargheer, Eduard | Barlach, Ernst | Baum, Paul | Baumeister, Willi | Bechtejeff, Vladimir Georgiewitsch von | Beckmann, Max | Bellmer, Hans | Bernard, Emile | Birkle, Albert | Bissier, Julius Heinrich | Bonnard, Pierre | Braque, Georges | Breitwieser, Georg | Burliuk, David Davidovic | Böckstiegel, Peter August | Calderara, Antonio | Caspar-Filser, Maria | Cassel, Pol (Paul Ernst Karl) | Chagall, Marc | Chirico, Giorgio de | Christiansen, Hans | Compton, Edward Theodore | Corinth, Lovis | Cucuel, Edward | Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria | Delaunay-Terk, Sonia | Derain, André | Dexel, Walter | Dill, Otto | Dix, Otto | Dongen, Kees van | Ehmsen, Heinrich | Ehrhardt, Curt | Erbslöh, Adolf | Feininger, Lyonel | Felixmüller, Conrad | Fuhr, Franz Xaver | Gauguin, Paul | Geiger, Willi | Geitlinger, Ernst | Giacometti, Alberto | Giacometti, Giovanni | Gilles, Werner | Goller, Bruno | Gotsch, Friedrich Karl | Grieshaber, HAP | Gromaire, Marcel | Guttuso, Renato | Hagemeister, Karl | Hausmann, Raoul | Heckel, Erich | Heckendorf, Franz | Heine, Thomas Theodor | Heldt, Werner | Henninger, Manfred | Herbin, Auguste | Herrmann, Curt | Hofer, Karl | Hofmann, Ludwig von | Hubbuch, Karl | Höch, Hannah | Hölzel, Adolf | Itten, Johannes | Jawlensky, Andreas | Kandinsky, Wassily | Kanoldt, Alexander | Kaus, Max | Kerkovius, Ida | Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig | Klee, Paul | Klein, Cesar | Kleinschmidt, Paul | Klien, Erika Giovanna | Klimsch, Fritz | Klimt, Gustav | Klinger, Max | Koester, Alexander | Kokoschka, Oskar | Kolbe, Georg | Kollwitz, Käthe | Krauskopf, Bruno | Kubin, Alfred | Kuhnert, Friedrich Wilhelm | Landenberger, Christian | Lanskoy, André | Laurencin, Marie | Le Corbusier | Léger, Fernand | Lehmbruck, Wilhelm | Lempicka, Tamara de | Levy, Rudolf | Lhote, André | Liebermann, Max | Lissitzky, El | Lohse-Wächtler, Elfriede | Luce, Maximilien | Macke, August | Magritte, René | Maillol, Aristide | Marc, Franz | Marcks, Gerhard | Marini, Marino | Marquet, Albert | Masereel, Frans | Mataré, Ewald | Matisse, Henri | Meidner, Ludwig | Mense, Carlo | Menzel, Adolph von | Meyboden, Hans | Modersohn, Otto | Modersohn-Becker, Paula | Modigliani, Amedeo | Moll, Oskar | Moore, Henry | Morandi, Giorgio | Morgner, Wilhelm | Mueller, Otto | Mulley, Oskar | Munch, Edvard | Münter, Gabriele | Nay, Ernst Wilhelm | Nesch, Rolf | Nolde, Emil | Nussbaum, Felix | Ophey, Walter | Oppenheimer, Max | Orlik, Emil | Palmié, Charles Johann | Pankok, Otto | Pechstein, Hermann Max | Peiffer Watenphul, Max | Picabia, Francis | Picasso, Pablo | Pippel, Otto | Purrmann, Hans | Putz, Leo | Radziwill, Franz | Ringelnatz, Joachim | Rodin, Auguste | Rohlfs, Christian | Rouault, Georges | Röhricht, Wolf | Schad, Christian | Scharl, Josef | Schiele, Egon | Schlemmer, Oskar | Schlichter, Rudolf | Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl | Scholz, Werner | Schrimpf, Georg | Schwitters, Kurt | Seewald, Richard | Severini, Gino | Signac, Paul | Sintenis, Renée | Slevogt, Max | Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre | Stuck, Franz von | Tappert, Georg | Thoma, Hans | Tobey, Mark | Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de | Trübner, Wilhelm | Urbach, Joseph | Ury, Lesser | Utrillo, Maurice | Vlaminck, Maurice de | Vogeler, Heinrich | Volkmann, Arthur | Vuillard, Edouard | Walde, Alfons | Weber, A. Paul | Weisgerber, Albert | Werefkin, Marianne von | Werner, Theodor | Wols, (d.i. Wolfgang Schulze) | Wotruba, Fritz | Wunderwald, Gustav | Yavlensky, Alexei Georgiyevich | Ziegler, Richard | Zille, Heinrich | Zügel, Heinrich von