Marine paintings are also known in art history as seascapes. As the name implies, marine paintings have to do with representation of the sea and the coast, but also boats and harbors are considered marine painting. As a genre, seascapes belong to landscape painting; in the case of large sea battles, however, marine painting can also be categorized as history painting. This subgenre appeared in the Netherlands in the 17th century. The concept itself was minted first in the 19th century, and marine painting celebrated its anniversary in the German Empire, which was enthusiastic about its naval fleets. The best-loved themes were sea battles and the ships of the Imperial Navy. Famous marine painters are: Willy St÷wer, Johannes (Joh`s) Holst, Claus Bergen, Robert-Schmidt Hamburg.