Op-Art is short for "optical art", which is an art style that plays with the optical perception of the observer. Op-Art emerged in the 1950’s and absorbed important impulses from orphism, futurism and de Stijl. The optical illusion in Op Art is achieved by the repetition of strictly calculated, equal fields of color that are consecutively coordinated with each other. The illusion is created by means of deliberate juxtaposition of graphic elements as well as the utilization of the laws of color, such as for example the law of simultaneous contrast. The term "Op Art" itself caught on first in 1965 after the MoMA exhibit, "The Responsive Eye". Important representatives of Op Art are: Victor Vasarely, Bridget Riley, Jésus Soto, Cruz Diez , Julio Leparque, Youri Messen-Jaschin.
Related artists: Geiger, Rupprecht | Lichtenstein, Roy | Luther, Adolf | Mack, Heinz | Mavignier, Almir da Silva | Morellet, François | Pfahler, Georg Karl | Roth, Dieter | Uecker, Günther | Vasarely, Victor