Franz Schubert was born on January 31, 1797, in Himmelpfortgrund. At the age of five, his father, a teacher at the seminary, began giving him regular musical instruction. He then attended the school in Lichtental and began his musical education. His father taught him to play the violin.
At the age of seven, he received organ lessons from Michael Holzer, the bandmaster of the church in Lichtental. In 1808, he was accepted by the court chapel and the imperial boarding school for priests because of his voice. Here he had lessons in composition from Wenzel Ruzicka and Antonio Salieri. Franz Schubert was the solo singer and first violin in the orchestra of the boarding school, where he learned the instrumental works of Haydn and Mozart.
His talent in composition soon came to light and a piano fantasy was composed in 1810. A string quartet followed, along with other songs and pieces.
Because his achievement in school had worsened, Franz Schubert rejected an extension of his endowment and returned to his parents in 1813. After his training as a teacher, he helped his father at the school from 1814 until 1818. He still received lessons from Salieri until 1816 and continued to compose.
In 1816, he unsuccessfully applied for the position of bandmaster in Laibach. On the recommendation of a friend, he was supported by the philosophy student Franz von Schober. Franz Schubert also became acquainted with the baritone Johann Michael Vogl through the poet Josef von Gahy.
Vogl sang his songs in the salons and spread Schubert's reputation. The pianist Josef von Gahy played his pieces. And a musical middle class family organized musical gatherings in his honor, which were known as the "Schubertiaden" as of 1821.
At this time, he was financially totally dependent on his circle of friends. In 1818, Franz Schubert was employed by the family of Duke Johann Esterhazy at his manor in Zseliz, Hungary as song and piano master. In the same year, he produced his "Symphony No. 6 in C major."
After returning to Germany, he lived for two years at the home of his friend Mayrhofer. He finished his "Mass No. 5 in A flat major" in 1822 and also began his "Symphony No. 7 in B minor."
In 1825, he worked on the extensive "Symphony No. 8 in C major" and composed his "Piano Sonate in A minor." He lived in Vienna from 1826 until 1828. On March 26, 1828, he gave his only public concert, though many of his voice and piano pieces were published in the meantime.
Franz Schubert died on November 19, 1828, in Vienna.